Multilingual Person’s Brain Works

Sri Hardiningsih H.S. Politeknik Negeri Semarang


The first language (L1) has been acquired and maintained by multilingual speakers during childhood. The process of acquiring the first language in children is identically the same as when they acquire L2 and L3. Sometimes the first language is also referred to as the mother tongue, is acquired without formal education, but by mechanisms heavily disputed. Children acquiring two languages in this way are called simultaneous bilinguals. Even in the case of simultaneous one language usually dominates over the other. This kind of bilingualism is most likely to occur when a child is raised by bilingual parents in a predominantly monolingual environment. It can also occur when the parents are monolingual but have raised their child or children in two different countries.

Keywords : bilingual, multilingual, language acquisition

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